Disasters

EARTHQUAKE – A sudden movement of the

Earth’s crust caused by the release of stress along fault lines or by the movement of magma in volcanic areas. Earthquakes

are usually followed by aftershocks. Any quake over 7.0 in magnitude is considered “severe”. Fire is the most common hazard

following earthquakes. There is no way to predict an earthquake!

FIRE – Is the 6th leading cause of injury and death

in the United States. It is also the leading cause of death for children under the age of 15 at home. 85% of fire deaths

occur while you are sleeping (at home, hotels etc.) Almost 900 senior citizens die every year due to fires.

FLOOD – More than 100 million people are exposed to

floods. Flash floods kill over 125 people per year.

HEAT WAVE – A heat stroke can kill you! Just because

you’re not thirsty, you still need to drink water. Staying hydrated is crucial if you are in above normal

temperatures.

HURRICANE – 100 million Americans are at risk.

Hurricane season usually starts in June and ends in November. Winds can range in speeds from 75-155 miles per

hour.

LANDSLIDE/MUDSLIDE – Usually starts on steep

hillsides. They can move at speeds up to 10-35 miles per hour. They occur after a burn area sustains heavy rains or from

thunderstorms etc.

LIGHTNING – Approximately 100 people per year die

from lightning strikes. Remember, you are in danger of being struck by lightning if you can hear the thunder!

TERRORISM – Use of terror as a means to coerce. Unlawful

violence intended to create fear for a religious, ideological or political goal.<

THUNDERSTORM – Produces strong wind, hail, lightning,

flash floods and tornadoes. Winds can reach up to 150 miles per hour.

TORNADO – There are over 1000 reported every year.

They occur in almost every state. Almost 100 people are killed every year. Wind speeds range from 72-261 miles per

hour.

TSUNAMIS – Cause severe flooding, contamination of

water and destroy infrastructures. Earthquakes can cause a tsunami.

VOLCANO – Produces deadly, toxic gases, ash and

landslides. Debris flows known as LAHARS can travel at speeds between 20-40 miles per hour and up to 50 miles in

distance.